Salinity (Refractometer)

What it means

Salinity is salts dissolved in water. They come from rocks and soil. The average salinity of the ocean is 35 ppt (parts per thousand). But, things like melting ice and rivers dilute the salty water, so many coastal areas have lower readings.

Our oceans vary in salinity too: Near the shores, rivers dilute the ocean to reduce salinity. In the arctic, melting icecaps also affect salinity.

How to measure

Be sure to use the cloth provided to clean off the screen when you’re finished.

Why it's important

There are two factors that affect ocean water density. The most important one is temperature, and the second most important is salinity. Density is important in understanding ecosystems and ocean flows.

refractometer
Be sure to keep your refractometer clean and away from scratches